Published at Wednesday, January 30th 2019. by Gerda Andersen in Kitchen Floors.
Linoleum, cork, and vinyl composition tile (VCT) are historically correct for kitchens in homes built from the late 19th century to the 1950s. Durable and easy on the feet, resilient floors can last for decades. Since the pattern goes all the way through the material, they also help conceal dirt and damage. Available as tile or sheet goods, all three also offer unlimited scope for patterns, from simple checkerboards to intricate inlays.
Once you’ve decided on your focal point, snap a chalk line down the center of the subfloor near that starting point. You willl use it to gauge whether the tiles are placed in alignment. It is also helpful to snap a second chalk line that crosses the first at right angles. This is where you will lay your first tile. If you have never laid a tile floor before, try out the pattern with unglued tiles laid over about a quarter or so of the floor. It will help you plan how to lay the tiles most efficiently, and estimate where cuts will be needed.
To protect a linoleum or cork floor, apply a good quality floor wax. The wax helps prevent water from entering the seams and weakening the adhesive. Clean with a vinegar and water solution. Damp-mop only to prevent water from penetrating into the seams. Since floor wax yellows over time, use a wax stripper occasionally and recoat with new wax.
Use a professional floor filler, such as Dependable, to fill and smooth out joints in the plywood before installing the new floor. If there is not at least ½" of clearance between the existing floor and the bottom of your cabinets, you may be a candidate for a floating floor. Once the subfloor is smooth, level, and dry, you are ready to plan the layout. If you envision a more ambitious floor—using tile in historically correct 9" x 9" squares or with an inlay design, for instance—you may want to opt for sheet goods to minimize waste.
Vitrified tile is basically a non-porous ceramic tile, these tiles are most commonly used for vitrified flooring as a replacement to marble and granite flooring and are available in a vast variety of designs and colours. Vitrified tiles is made by hydraulic pressing a mixture of clay, silica, quartz, and feldspar. Thus creating a Vitrified tile which are hard with low porosity.
Using your chalk lines for reference, line up the first or starter tile. Then lay down just enough adhesive to accommodate four tiles. If you have chosen variegated tiles in contrasting colors, lay them so that the pattern in the lighter tiles are at right angles to the pattern in the darker tiles. This is called quarter-turning.
Once the first tile is in place, align the next tile tight to the edges of the first and press down. Compression-fit the tiles to stay in alignment as necessary. After you have got a four-tile section down, stand up and give them a once-over before the adhesive is fully set. Make sure they butt up against each other in the correct pattern and line up with the main chalk line. If there is any adhesive on the tile surface, wipe it off with a damp rag.
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